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Key research projects

Development of devices and technologies to control a wide spectrum of radiation using diamond materials and intellectual data analysis, with infrastructure advancement for the production ofmultisensor electronic devices for applications in the nuclear, space and electronics industries

Project headVladimir Kulagin, doctor of technical Sciences, professor MIEM HSE, Head of the Research Laboratory of Space Research, Technologies, Systems, and Processes

This is an integrated project, which covers several areas of study. It primarily aims to form a consortium of Russian and international universities, scientific and industrial organizations engaged in developing scientific devices, electronics and instrumentation with the purpose of the creation of new types of diamond-based materials and devices operating on such materials. Furthermore, it foresees improving the quality of research and teaching staff in higher education, as well as relying on effective principles and approaches to integrating the sciences, education and business.

The project has technological, hardware and software aspects that shall be implemented during project realization and in subsequent years to attain a level of broad practical applications in geophysics and the atomic, aerospace and electronic industries. The scientific and engineering aspects of design-oriented theoretical research and experiments and R&D include the development of a complex of material science and instrument-building technologies for the development and production of advanced materials for optics and electronics based on composite diamond homoepitaxial structures for creating multifunctional devices for the parametric control of different types of radiation with improved technical and economic characteristics and expanded functional possibilities. These devices shall be made with the help of a new technology for creating large-area diamond synthetic substrates for the production of the sensitive elements of sensor matrices. The project aims to create a range of new materials: composite diamond homoepitaxial structures with a size of 10x10 mm and over and monocrystal high-purity detector-grade diamond wafers for the creation of multifunctional devices for the parametric control of photon beams and gamma radiation with superior technical and economic properties and expanded functional possibilities.

The project also foresees analysis of issues related to the development of multi-unit detectors for 2D imaging, thus permitting the study and formation of spatial distribution of emissions. For multi-element detectors, it is necessary to use larger crystals for creating a block of sensitive elements (pixels) as well as considerably bigger standard single crystal synthetic substrates (34mm). Such substrates are quite expensive today, which makes it necessary in certain cases to replace them with large-area polycrystalline diamond wafers with a diameter of 100 mm and over. However, such wafers inevitably have inferior electronic parameters. The insufficient size of commercially affordable detector-grade single crystal diamond substrates is one of the key problems that has to be solved today.

The project intends to develop a series of Russian import-substitution technologies.

The project is implemented in partnership with Public joint-stock company MK INVEST Corp., Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Manufacturing and Technology Center "UralAlmazInvest" Ltd. and others.

Developing routers / base stations for multiservice encrypted transport networks and building internetwork and interobject communication

Project headAleksandr Dvorkovich, doctor of technical Sciences, Professor, Institute of radio engineering and electronics (division of the National research University "Moscow power engineering Institute")

The project goal is to create a router for multiservice encrypted transport networks to build inter-network and inter-object communication.

The project is aimed at meeting the following demands for modern telecommunication networks: (a) considerably increasing the volume and speed of transmitted andprocessed information; (b) improving the stable operation of telecommunication devices and complexes in the conditions of destructive information impact; (c) lowering mass-volume parameters and energy consumption and increasing the temperature range of the new devices while improving their reliability; and (d) protecting control channels for devices and telecommunication systems. The routers shall attain a new level of quality thanks to the use of modular architecture that can integrate devices with different consumer characteristics that are increasingly in demand on general and specialized markets.

The project is implemented in partnership with JSC "NIISSU"

Design and implementation of highperformance heterogeneous computing systems based on the open specifications (Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA), PICMG – “non desktop”, or embedded modular computer system) and parallel computing principles that allow to integrate MIPS, ARM and x86 central processor units (CPU), graphics processors (GPU), fieldprogrammable gate arrays (FPGA) and SSD storage on the same bus for high performance computing, machine learning, machine vision and cyberphysical systems

Project headLeohin Yuri, doctor of technical Sciences, professor MIEM HSE

The volume of the generated data in a pattern doubles each two years and according to the results of the research EMC & ICD will increase in 2020 to44 trillion. At the same time data sources in 2020 will become: monitoring and video surveillance – 16%; data from built-in systems – 21%; the user and mobile data – 10%; meta data and another IT information – 53%. In this regard the task of essential increase of productivity of computing systems is actual. The main method of obtaining additional productivity of computing systems is now introduction of additional specialized resources, therefore the computing system becomes heterogeneous. Heterogeneity of computing systems allows to accelerate parallel computings significantly.

For the solution of these global challenges it is offered to create within the project a line of heterogeneous servers of new generation for application in the built-in systems possessing high-speed performance, high energy efficiency, compactness and low cost. At the same time it is planned to solve the following main tasks:

  • development and manufacture of a line of prototypes of heterogeneous supercomputers in a the semblance of the blade servers and single board computers with the multi-core graphic processors compatible to 64bit multi-core processors of ARM architecture;
  • development of application and system software;
  • creation of modules of fast solid-state memory with the built-in intellectual management system and data handling accelerations;
  • creation of high-performance built-in system of computer sight with a possibility of video analytics and processing of a high speed video stream of the high resolution arriving along with a large number of video cameras;
  • development and libraries of the algorithms increasing efficiency of work with video data.

The world level of the solutions and the development proposed in the project is caused by use of the modern technologies, for example, of the hardware platform of microTCA – a modular platform for high-performance computing systems of small format and software platform of OpenCL – the open standard for the universal parallel programming of different types of processors, such as CPU, GPU and FGPA.

The project is implemented in partnership with JSC Design Bureau "CORUND-M", Scientific Research Institute of System Analysis SRISA/NIISIRAS

An infrastructure necessary for achieving breakthrough in modern personalized prevention of non-communicable diseases, based on accumulation and analysis of large volumes of traceable medical data through Big Data technologies and unconventional algorithms for realtime biological signal processing. Furthermore, a fundamentally new approach shall be proposed for the early diagnosis of diseases relying on the monitoring and comprehensive analysis for individual cardiovascular system`s electro-physical and hy

Project headVladimir Starykh, professor MIEM HSE, Head of the School of Computer Engineering

This project is an answer to a global challenge in health: the growing contradiction between the capabilities of the overall global healthcare system, and deficiencies in its conceptual and technological organization, deficiencies that have resulted in a rapid decline in the application of these capabilities. Scientific and technological developments in medicine over recent decades have resulted in new treatments for many serious diseases and in an increase in population and life expectancies. As a result, there is growing demand throughout the world for more medical personnel, better qualifications and other resources, in order to develop the health system in its present form and to maintain the quality of medical services. The rapidly escalating budget requirements to maintain health systems is already unattainable for most countries. On the conceptual level, a way out of the growing contradictions can be provided by IT:

  • a sharp increase in the productivity of medical staff primarily in most common practices: the use of learning computers to provide primary diagnoses and a choice of standard treatment scenarios for this diagnosis;
  • the mass distribution of portable measurement devices which can transmit to the doctors the medical details needed for diagnoses. This can provide remote population-wide real-time preventive diagnoses, and further support patients after hospital treatment.

The combined use of these medical IT approaches will allow the development of health systems; allow them to switch from extensive to intensive development; and move the centre of gravity of budgetary obligations to preventative care. This can also reduce the need for the widespread use of costly high-tech services (HTS), and reduce the requirements with respect to the number of specialist staff and their qualifications for primary diagnosis of the population, in turn reducing the required national health budgets.

WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICAL IT, this project will solve a whole series scientific and technical problem, ensuring the achievement of targeted results for the first stage of CSEMD:

  • the development of a medical device to transmit diagnostic data to learning computers;
  • Creating a network of learning computers able to make automatic primary diagnoses using patient data from mobile devices and developing computer training methods and the status of these patients.
The backbone of the CSEMD component of this project is the cloud (designed on the basis of cutting-edge and safe technologies), which combines into a single automated system (AS) and connects wearable mobile devices and CIAS learning computers on the one hand and medical staff who makes decisions in each case on the other hand. In complex cases, the cloud will allow the medical staff to seek advice from a wider expert medical community. The project is implemented in partnership with Institute of Informatics Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Russian Surgery Research Center named after B.V.Petrovsky, Clinical Research Center of Moscow and other